Examines whether candidate sex or political party identification are the primary influences on the issues candidates present to voters.
Argues that in party-centered campaigns the gender balance within parties influences differences in the attack behavior of male and female politicians.
Synthesizes two theoretical literatures to explain gender differences in Twitter usage and effectiveness among US Congressional candidates
Suggests white women’s positionality as second in sex to men, but first in race to minorities, and the invocation of white womanhood in political rhetoric...
Examines the gender composition of candidates’ donor networks.
Finds that gender differences in policy attitudes are more pronounced in the Republican Party than in the Democratic Party.
Results suggest that female candidates are particularly vulnerable to trait based attacks that challenge stereotypically feminine strengths.
Using a unique data set that includes primary and general election candidates for the U.S. House in 2010 and 2012, examines the gender composition of...
Finds that when multiple quality candidates enter the race, female quality candidates are at a greater disadvantage than their male counterparts.
Finds that, in general, evaluations of women seem to be influenced much more by information related to their competence than are evaluations of men.
Explores the impact that women’s and men’s nonverbal forms of communication have on voters’ evaluations of political figures.
Finds that gender has both a direct and contextual effect on candidates’ communication style on Twitter.
Finds little support for the idea that the effectiveness of either attack or response varies significantly according to candidate gender.
Finds that masculine stereotypes have a negative influence on both male and female Democratic candidates in good times, but only on the female Democratic candidate when terror threat is...
Studies the interaction between candidate gender and party on voter evaluations, finding that both party and gender separately influence candidate evaluations, even when accounting for...
Compares local newspaper coverage of House candidates to analyze gender and race differences in the frequency and tone of coverage, as well as explicit foregrounding...
Examines the ways in which citizens emotionally react to and cognitively process campaign advertisements that contain group-based appeals.
Assesses whether state party affirmative action policies help or hinder female candidates seeking statewide office.
Finds that only female candidates are able to prime female voters’ gender identity using identity appeals.
Find that candidate sex does not affect journalists’ coverage of, or voters’ attitudes toward, the women and men running for office in their districts.
Presents a case study of a unique campaign training program designed for women of color.
Finds that the propensity to pick a female candidate increases as explicit and implicit attitudes against female leadership decrease.
Finds that – for men and women candidates – only negative appearance coverage has an effect, driving down evaluations by lowering voters’ assessments of candidates’...
Demonstrates that the gender of candidates directly influences the types of issues and strategies that each candidate pursues on the campaign trail.
Finds that male and female candidates who used gender-bending rhetoric were able to overturn stereotypes by persuading and priming voters.
Find that female politicians seem to be “losing” on male stereotypical qualities while also not having any advantage on qualities typical of women.
Shows female candidates only face a disproportionate punishment for relying on negativity when (1) she is perceived as the instigator of negativity and (2) she...
Examines media treatment of Anglo, Latina, and African American congresswomen, finding significant differences in the content of these women’s media coverage and its influence on...
Findings suggest that the widely cited conventional wisdom purporting gender neutral election outcomes masks consequential sex and partisan differences in congressional candidacies.
Documents a sex-based quality gap among candidates and links the quality gap to the gender parity in electoral success.
Finds that party stereotypes are more powerful than gender stereotypes in shaping voter perceptions.
Finds that male and female candidates are similarly penalized for both anger and crying, but responses to crying differ depending on respondent sex.
Finds that a “negativity gap” exists, where men are disproportionately mobilized by the most negative campaign messages as compared to women.
Finds that different factors predict success at each stage and that the predictors of women’s candidacies and success in open seat races are different than...
Uncovers evidence of continuing bias in media coverage that works to female candidates’ disadvantage.
Although women generally do not win primaries at lower rates than their male counterparts, women in both parties face more primary competition than do men.
Argues that attentiveness to the intersections of race and gender in electoral politics is indeed a mess worth making.